Tips for paper writing

Tips for paper writing

Manuscript structure

Title page

Keywords: 3-6
JEL Classification/codes


  • Introduction
  • Background/Literature review (alternative)
  • Methodology
  • Theoretical/Conceptual framework
  • Empirical Specification and Estimation Strategy
  • Data and Descriptive Statistics
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusions and policy implications
  • Reference
  • Figures
  • Tables
  • Appendix


The introduction states with the background to the problem, trying to show why your research is relevant.

  1. What have been done? What is missing?
  2. Research gap
  3. The significant to explore the research gap
  4. Research objection
  5. Research contribution
  • Explain the topic of the paper and put into a broader context
  • Clarify the research gap
  • Clearly state the paper’s objective
  • Raise interest in emphasizing the importance of your contribution
  • Mention the methodologies approach and data sources
  • Give a short overview
  • When should we include literature review section?
  1. In response to the reviewer’s request
  2. There exist many studies in the relevant field, but you want to further highlight the research gap and your research contribution


  • The basic objectives of writing about your methodology are to reveal your motivation for choosing it and to make your approach, in principle, reproducible for the reader.
  • If the method is part of your paper’s contribution, then this section should carefully argue why your new method is better than any previously used


  • Clearly indicate data sources
  • Time periods and cross-sectional units covered
  • Sampling procedure
  • All variables should be defined precisely
  • Descriptive statistics


  • Present your results as specific as possible
  • Compare your results with the existing ones
  • Insignificant coefficients of variables are usually not explained, unless they are very important
  • Consistency

Conclusions and policy implications

The concluding section of the paper include

  1. A brief restatement of the paper’s objective and a very short summary of what you did to achieve the objective (1 paragraph)
  2. The major findings (1-2 paragraphs)
  3. A discussion of the wide implications of the results (1-2 paragraphs)
  4. Limitations/ Future research direction (optional (when requirement/necessary) (1 paragraph)


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